When we spend as much as 90% of our lives inside, the quality of the air within our living spaces is important for maintaining not only comfort but also our health. An optimum, stable humidity and room temperature contributes significantly to our wellbeing.
Everyone wants to feel good at home, to have a safe space where they can relax and recharge their batteries. However, only healthy things are good for our body and soul. Our home also needs to support our physical and mental health rather than threaten it.
Humans consume up to 13.5 kg of room air and only 1.5kg of fresh air per day and we spend up to 90% of our time indoors. Indoor air quality is therefore of key importance for our well-being, health, and the quality of life. Air temperature, room surface temperature, airflow, and air humidity have a significant impact on indoor climate. To save energy, our homes are becoming denser.
To ensure that the indoor air remains ‘healthy’ and does not affect our well-being, attention must be paid to the quality and function of the building materials we use. These usually stay in the building forever so must not give off any pollutants, because bad air can affect our health.
Read on to learn about all the factors that can effact a healthy indoor climate, and measures and materials that can considerably contribute to its improvement.
"We want people to feel good in their houses.
Our Products are based on research in the Viva Park"
- Mag. Robert Schmid, founder of Viva Research Park Project
Strong fluctuations in humidity and temperature, too little airborne ions, air currents and an increased amount of fine pollution particles can lead to a damage of the respiratory tract, impaired lung function and cardiovascular diseases.
Molds, bacteria, viruses, parasites and allergens in the air. Allergens come into play with house dust, mold spores, animal epithelia, building materials or plants. They can cause nose and eye inflammation, runny nose and asthma.
Smells, solvents, formaldehyde, CO2, VOC and smoke. Unpleasant smells can come from furniture and floor finishes, drainpipes or from the outside. It disturbs the personal well-being and even causes stress.
Modern buildings are often designed as low-energy or passive houses. That is why they are becoming more and more air-tight, providing optimal thermal protection and reducing the need for additional heating. This also partially prevents excessive heat gain in the summer, of course, when the sun protection of the windows is optimally realised.
In previous decades, summers have become hotter in our geographic area, resulting in unpleasantly overheated interiors, which cannot be cooled down by simple ventilation. Overheating is critical, especially if the construction is made entirely of lightweight assembled structures without the use of massive building materials that can accumulate heat.
Temperature comfort happens, when the average surface
and air temperatures in the room is around 21 °C.
Ideally there should be a different but stable temperature
in the each room of the apartment:
More on the topic
Findings from Viva Research Park has proven that insulated homes, that also have the right wall thickness and composition, way outperform uninsulated homes. In some instances, reducing energy consumption by up to 250%! So when planning your home is it worth ensuring the wall structure includes a high-quality external thermal insulation system. Good thermal insulation will also contribute towards a balanced indoor temperature and reduce drafts.